Botanical Name: Pinus Caribaea
Caribbean Pine

Caribbean Pine as the name would suggest is a native species of tropical Central America occurring in the Bahamas, Cuba and other Caribbean Islands and on the mainland in Belize, eastern Guatemala, northern Honduras and Nicaragua.

Although Caribbean Pine is not a major species imported into Australia it has become a very valuable plantation resource for Fiji and is now being sold into this market. First planted commercially about 40 years ago to develop a domestic softwood timber industry in Fiji, production has improved to a point were export has become a viable option and Australia and the other small Oceania counties are the obvious markets.

The tree usually grows to a height of about 30 metres with diameters to about 1metre and is usually free of branches for about 15 to 20 metres making it very suitable for timber production, distinguish.

  • Density(average)
  • 990kg/m3 green
  • 540kg/m3 dry
  • Durability Class 4
  • Hardness Rating (average)
  • 2.7kN green
  • 3.9kN dry
The material is easy to work, it holds nails and screws well and even though it has a high resin content which can cause some clogging of saws it glues satisfactorily. The timber is easy to dry although precautions are needed to avoid bluestain and the shrinkage characteristics are low between2%to 4%.

Heartwood is yellow to golden brown although in more mature timber the colour can be darker to almost a reddish brown, with the sapwood a much paler yellowish brown and very easy to distinguish. The texture is coarse and uneven with the grain usually straight, growth rings are very prominent and there is normally a high resinous odour.