MELAWIS
Botanical Name: Gonystylus spp. predominately G. bancanus & G. macrophyllus
Ramin, Mavota, Melawis

Ramin is a medium sizes hardwood, native to South East Asia extending through all the islands as far to the east as Fiji. Over 20 species make up this grouping with the timber very common in all areas. It normally occurs in low level coastal swampy forests in peaty or sandy soil however it can also grow up to high altitude in some mountainous areas. The trees usually only grow to height of about 30 metres.

  • Density(average)
  • 650kg/m3 dry
  • Durability Class 4
  • S4 green
  • SD4 dry
  • Hardness Rating (average)
  • 2.9kN green
  • 5.8kN dry
 
The timber is easy to work to a smooth finish, dries quickly with a medium shrinkage rate between 2.5 to 5.5 %, but has a tendency to both end splitting and surface checking. Care is needed to avoid bluestain. It takes nails and fixings satisfactorily, although pre-drilling particularly near ends is recommended, glues well and is good as veneer.

Heartwood is straw coloured and sometimes has a pale pinkish tinge, the sapwood is very hard to distinguish and is susceptible to lyctid borer attack. The texture is fine to medium and very even with the grain usually straight or slightly interlocked.

Ramin is very common in Australia and widely used for picture framing, high grade fine detail moulding, doweling, carving, craft and wood turning and for specialized flooring were a very light colour is required such as squash courts.